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The PhD Oral Examination

in the

Victorian to Modern Period

(updated 3-December-2007)


Choose forty authors representing various literary genres, in addition to six secondary works.



Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867)
Christina Rossetti (1828-1894)

Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882)

George Meredith (1828-1909)

James Thomson (1834-1882)

William Morris (1834-96)

Robert Bridges (1834-1930)
A.C. Swinburne (1837-1909)

Thomas Hardy (1840-1928)

Stéphane Mallarmé (1842-1898)
Charles Montagu Doughty (1843-1926)
Michael Field [Katherine Bradley (1846-1914) and Edith Cooper (1862-1913)]
Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-1889)

Alice Meynell (1847-1922)

Charlotte Mew (1869-1928)
W.E. Henley (1849-1903)

Oscar Wilde (1854-1900)

A.E. Housman (1859-1936)

Katherine Tynan (1861-1931)

Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941)

Arthur Symons (1865-1945)

Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)

W.B. Yeats (1865-1939)

Ernest Dowson (1867-1900)

Lionel Johnson (1867-1902)

D.H. Lawrence (1885-1930)

Ezra Pound (1885-1972)

T. S. Eliot (1888-1965)

Wilfred Owen (1893-1918)



William Morris (1834-96)

Walter Pater (1839-1894)

Ouida (Mary Louise de la Ramee) (1839-1908)

Thomas Hardy (1840-1928)

W.H. Hudson (1841-1922)

Henry James (1843-1916)

Bram Stoker (1847-1912)

Alice Meynell (1847-1922)

Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-94)

George Moore (1852-1933)

Oscar Wilde (1854-1900)

Marie Corelli (1855-1924)

Ella Hepworth Dixon (1855-1932)

Olive Schreiner (1855-1920)

H. Rider Haggard (1856-1925)

Vernon Lee [Violet Paget] (1856-1935)

George Gissing (1857-1903)

Joseph Conrad (1857-1924)

Mona Caird (1858-1932)

Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930)

George Egerton [Mary Chavelita Bright] (1859-1945)

Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)

H.G. Wells (1866-1946)

Arnold Bennett (1867-1931)

H.H. Munro (1870-1916)

Max Beerbohm (1872-1956)

John Cowper Powys (1872-1963)
Ford Madox Ford (1873-1939)

Dorothy Richardson (1873-1957)

G. K. Chesterton (1874-1936)

E.M. Forster (1879-1970)

Virginia Woolf (1882-1941)

James Joyce (1882-1941)

Wyndham Lewis (1882-1957)

D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930)

Katherine Mansfield (1888-1923)





W.S. Gilbert (1804-89) & Arthur Sullivan (1842-1900)

Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906)

August Strindberg (1849-1912)

Oscar Wilde (1854-1900)

Arthur Pinero (1855-1934)

George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)

Anton Chekhov (1860-1904)

J.M. Barrie (1860-1937)

W.B. Yeats (1865-1939)

Luigi Pirandello (1867-1936)

J.M. Synge (1871-1909)



Nonfiction Prose


Charles Darwin (1809-1882)

John Ruskin (1819-1900)

Matthew Arnold (1822-1888)

William Morris (1834-1896)

Samuel Butler (1835-1902)

Charles Doughty (1843-1926)

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)

Alice Meynell (1847-1922)

Annie Besant (1847-1933)

Edmund Gosse (1849-1903)

Walter Pater (1839-1894)

Max Nordau (1849-1923)

Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-94)

Lafcadio Hearn (1850-1904)

Oscar Wilde (1854-1900)

Sigmund Freud 1856-1939)

Vernon Lee [Violet Paget] (1856-1935)

George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)

Beatrice Webb (1858-1943)

Sidney Webb (1859-1947)

Havelock Ellis (1859-1939)

Henri Bergson (1859-1941)

Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947)

W.B. Yeats (1865-1939)

Arthur Symons (1865-1945)

Roger Fry (1866-1934)

Bertrand Russell (1872-1970)

G.E. Moore (1873-1958)

Winston Churchill (1874-1965)

Lytton Strachey (1880-1932)

Oswald Spengler (1880-1936)

T.E. Hulme (1873-1917)

John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946)

T.E. Lawrence (1888-1935)

T.S. Eliot (1888-1965)

Rebecca West (1892-1983)



Secondary works in Victorian and Modernist Studies


Stephen Arata, Fictions of Loss

Ann Ardis, New Women, New Novels

Nina Auerbach, Woman and the Demon : The Life of a Victorian Myth

Patrick Brantlinger, Rule of Darkness: British Literature and Imperialism

Joseph Bristow, ed., The Fin-de-Siècle Poem: English Literary Culture and the 1890s
Carol Christ, Victorian and Modern Poetics

Bram Dijkstra, Idols of Perversity: Fantasies of Feminine Evil in Fin-de-Siecle Culture

Linda Dowling, Language and Decadence in the Victorian Fin de Siècle; The Vulgarization of Art

Jessica Feldman, Victorian Modernism

Jonathan Freedman, Professions of Taste: Henry James, British Aestheticism and Commodity Culture

Regenia Gagnier, Idylls of the Marketplace: Oscar Wilde and the Victorian Public

Graham Hough, The Last Romantics

Frank Kermode, Romantic Image

Michael Levenson, A Genealogy of Modernism

George Levine, The Realistic Imagination: English Fiction from Frankenstein to Lady Chatterley

Jerome J. McGann: Black Riders: The Visible Language of Modernism

J.H. Miller, The Disappearance of God: Five Nineteenth-Century Writers

Perry Meisel, The Myth of the Modern Talia Schaffer The Forgotten Female Aesthetes

Naomi Schor, Reading in Detail: Aesthetics and the Feminine

Elaine Showalter, Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the fin de Siecle

Richard Stein, The Ritual of Interpretation

Raymond Williams, Culture and Society, 1780-1950